Welding – History Changes and Improvements

Elliotts has been manufacturing safety equipment for the welding industry for many years. To celebrate this achievement, we decided to take a look at how welding has changed and improved throughout history.

Anyone who works in the welding industry knows that welding has a long history. But few people know that welding can be traced back to the Bronze Age (3300 BC to 1200 BC).

middle ages

The earliest examples of welding come from the Bronze Age, when small circular boxes of gold were made by pressure welding lap joints together. These boxes are estimated to have been made over 2000 years ago. It has been.

During the Iron Age (1200 BC to 600 BC), the Egyptians and the eastern Mediterranean region learned the art of welding. Many tools have been found dating from around 1000 BC.

During the Middle Ages (400-1400 AD), the art of blacksmithing became popular. Hammer-welded iron products were manufactured here.

It wasn’t until the 1800’s that welding as we know it was born.


In the early 19th century, welding had two major breakthroughs. In 1800, Sir Humphrey Davy used a battery to create an arc between two carbon electrodes. And in 1836 Edmund Davy, an Englishman, discovered acetylene (using an open flame), which made possible the development of complex metal tools and devices.

The popularity of arc welding continued to grow throughout the 19th century with the invention of the electrical generator and the development of gas welding and cutting. Arc welding with carbon arc and metal arc was also developed, and resistance welding was performed as a practical joining process.


In 1881, French scientist Auguste de Meritens succeeded in fusing lead plates using the heat generated by an arc. But four years have passed since his pupil, the Russian scientist Nikolai N. Benardos and his partner Stanislaus Olshevsky, patented an electrode holder from England and America in 1887. .

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Carbon arc welding has been one of the most popular welding methods of the last decade. In 1890, American CL Coffin also received a US patent for what was then known as metal electrode arc welding. In the same year, his NG Slavianoff in Russia used the same metal electrode arc principle to cast metal in molds.


Coated metal electrodes were first introduced by Strohmenger in 1900. A clay or lime coating helped make the arc more stable. Many other welding processes were developed during this period. These include seam welds, spot welds, flash butt welds, and projection welds. Rod-shaped electrodes also became popular as welding tools around this time.


Shortly after World War I ended, twenty members of the Emergency Fleet Corporation’s Wartime Welding Committee, under the leadership of Comfort Avery Adams, founded the American Welding Society. The American Welding Society is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing welding and related processes.

Alternating current was also invented by CJ Horslag in 1919.


PO Nobel invented automatic welding in 1920. It integrated the use of arc voltage and bare electrode wire. It was used for metal repair and shaping. Several types of electrodes were also developed during this decade.

In the 1920s, considerable research was done on shielding arcs and weld areas with externally applied gases. The oxygen and nitrogen atmosphere in contact with the molten weld metal caused brittle and sometimes porous welds. The research work was carried out with the help of gas shield technology.

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The New York Naval Shipyard developed stud welding. Stud welding is also increasingly used in the construction and shipbuilding industries. It was during this time that the National Tube Company developed a welding process called smothered arc welding. In the field of shipbuilding, the stud welding process has been replaced by the more advanced submerged arc welding.


Gas Tansten Arc Welding (GTAW) began with an idea by CL Coffin in the 1890s and was improved by HM Hobart and PK Devers in the 1920s. However, it was not until 1941 that Meredith patented a process known as heliarc welding that seamlessly welds aluminum and magnesium.

The Gas Shielded Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) process, another significant milestone in the history of welding, was developed in 1948 at Battelle Memorial Laboratory.


In 1953 Lyubavskii and Novoshilov announced the use of consumable electrode welding in a CO2 gas atmosphere. The CO2 welding process quickly became popular because it used equipment developed for inert gas metal arc welding, but can now be used to economically weld steel. This development emerged in late 1958 and early 1959 in his short arc variation known as microwire, short his arc, and dip transfer welding.


The 1960s saw several advances in the welding industry. Dualshield welding, Innershield and Electroslag welding have been some of the key welding developments of this decade. Plasma He arc welding was also invented by Gage around this time and used for metal spraying. The French also developed electron beam welding, which is still used in the US aircraft manufacturing industry today.

most recent

Friction welding (inertial welding), which uses rotational speed and upset pressure to provide frictional heat, was developed in Russia. This is a specialized process and is only applicable when a sufficient quantity of similar parts need to be welded due to the initial cost of equipment and tools. This process is called inertia welding.

Laser welding is one of the newest processes. Lasers were originally developed as communications devices at Bell Telephone Laboratories. Continuous pulse equipment is available. Lasers are finding welding applications in automotive metalworking operations.

Elliotts Australia has delivered quality A safety device for the welding industry Over 40 years.our wide range welding glovesjackets, aprons, leggings, hoods and other accessories have and will continue to protect welders during their work.


If you want to know more about which welding gear Please feel free to contact Elliott Australia to discuss your needs. We are happy to help!call me 07 3265 2944 Or send us a message contact page.

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